- Higher output alternators require more effort to spin than a lower amperage alternator when the alternator is under a load. This additional effort places more strain on the alternator drive belt.
- If for any reason the alternator pulley is not aligned perfectly with the other pulleys on the engine, the alternator drive belt will slip. A straight edge can be used on the face of the pulleys to verify the belt is aligned properly.
- V belt applications should have no more than 3/8 inch belt deflection after the alternator has been installed. Serpentine belt applications should use a belt length that places the spring belt tensioner in the CENTER of it's travel. If the spring tensioner is too far outside of it's operating range in EITHER direction, the belt will slip.
- Vehicles with poor belt "wrap" will be more prone to belt slip than vehicles that have better belt "wrap" around the alternator pulley. If necessary, fabricate brackets to mount an additional free spinning idler pulley to ride on the back of belt and "force" the belt to "wrap" around the alternator pulley further.
- Lower amperage alternators will not slip the belt as badly as a higher amperage unit, and can utilize a larger diameter alternator pulley than the same unit in a amperage configuration. Larger pulleys grip better, but will not charge at idle on some higher amperage alternators.
- 170 amp S series and 250 amp Elite series units are the best choice for high RPM racing applications.
- Single V belt and 4 rib serpentine belts will start to slip at about 150 amps worth of load. For minimal belt slip, 240 – 370 amp alternators should not be driven by anything narrower than a 6 rib serpentine or dual-V belt drive setup.
- Calculate pulley ratio by dividing the diameter of your crankshaft pulley by the diameter of the alternator pulley. For example, a 6 inch crank pulley with a 2 inch alternator pulley will yield a 3:1 pulley ratio. (6 divided by 2 = 3) This means that the alternator will be spinning 3 times the engine RPM- i.e. the alternator will be spinning 18,000 RPM at 6,000 RPM engine speed. G series alternators are rated to 18,000 RPM, while S and Elite series alternators are rated to 20,000 RPM.
- It is ABSOLUTELY IMPERITIVE that a properly sized positive AND ground cable be run directly from the alternator to the terminals of the battery.
- Improperly crimped, or oversized ring terminals on your charge and ground cables can easily damage the alternator or cause a fire. The size of the hole in the ring terminals you use MUST fit the diameter of the stud or bolt that they go on PERFECTLY. If the hole in the cable end is oversized, the high resistance connection will burn off amperage in the form of heat, and in some cases can melt off the stud.
2000 watts: upgrade main battery,
3500 watts: upgrade main battery, 1 rear battery
5000 watts: upgrade main battery, 1-2 rear batteries
7500 watts: upgrade main battery, 3-4 rear batteries – 2 alternators
10,000+ watts: upgrade main battery, 4-5 rear batteries – 2 alternators
Q and A's
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